Looking for russian olive, also known as broad leaf oleaster or silver berry, for your garden landscape? Find elaeagnus macrophylla availability & prices online now. Angustifolia, the russian olive, is one of several species of elaeagnus that has proven invasive. It is native to temperate eurasia but has become especially invasive in riverine areas in the western usa, and is increasingly common in areas already invaded by exotic saltcedars (tamarix spp.). The russian olive (elaeagnus angustifolia) is a shrub or small tree, often leaning or twisted and distorted. It is commonly used as a windbreak and wildlife cover and food. The hardiness and cold tolerance of elaeagnus shrubs vary between species and cultivars. Thorny elaeagnus (elaeagnus pungens) and variegated elaeagnus (elaeagnus pungens maculata) grow best in u. 2 synonyms for russian olive elaeagnus augustifolia, silver berry. Species it is sometimes called russian olive which is not correct as this name is already used for its deciduous sister elaeagnus angustifolia. These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance. Elaeagnus x quicksilver is thought to be a hybrid of elaeagnus angustifolia, native from europe across asia to the himalayas, and elaeagnus commutata, native across canada and south only as far as minnesota, south dakota, and utah. Fixes atmospheric nitrogen (via bacteria in root nodules) gorgeous strong scent e. It is very tolerant of pruning however, and can be easily kept much smaller.